The water calamity and problems are increasing in developing countries and it is diverse and serious. This problem includes scarcity of natural drinking water in some areas, flooding, contamination of large and river dams and siltation of river systems. The problem of water calamity is more serious in developing countries compared to already developed countries. According to the Water Soften Reviews, 1.1 billion people across the developing countries are having insufficient access to hygienic and clean water and 1.8 million children die every year due to diarrhea caused by dirty water and 2.6 billion lacks in accessing to sanitation. There are steps that are been taken by the local authorities to solve the water calamity issues and this solution mainly focuses on issues of education, poverty, and poor governance.
Access, Availability, and Challenges
Humans demand for clean and fresh water to drink and cook their food. So, there is a huge demand of clean water. But there is a huge scarcity of supply and demand in the developing countries and the level of water in developing countries is reducing drastically. In a bid to address the challenges, the organizations in developing countries are taking steps to focus on enhancing the supply of fresh and clean water, mitigating the demand and enabling reuse of water and recycling of water and installation of water softeners at points.
About 72% of illness is caused due to poor water quality and sanitation conditions in developing countries. It is also common in some developing countries for women and girls to walk miles to fetch water for their families and the water collectors weigh something around 20-25 KG. In the recent past, the use of water has significantly outpaced the rate of population growth in developing countries. People in developing countries are in need of more water than before and it is estimated that by the end of 2025, about 1.8 billion people across the world would face water calamity and water scarcity. The water calamity can be of two types, Physical Water Calamity or Low Quantity of Water and Economic Water Calamity or Low Quality of Water.
Physical Water Calamity
The most dominant feature of planet earth is the ocean which takes up to 70% of the planet’s surface and connected to major watersheds, lakes, and waterways whether through water cycles or water channels. According to the surveys, the natural water calamity of freshwater resources and demand for supplying water is already increasing and becoming a vital problem, especially in the developing countries. The level of freshwater resources are reducing and it has become less than 2.5% of the water on Earth and about 0.014% of fresh water is available underground for human use.
Economic Water Calamity
Economic water calamity actually applies to the areas or cultures where there is lack of financial resources or human capacity to invest in water sources so as to meet the local demand and supply of water. Water is actually available to those who are capable of paying for it or those in political power, thereby leaving millions of people across the world without access to fresh water. The regions and developing nations that are mostly affected by this type of water calamity include South and Central America, South East Asia and India. It is also equally important for you to highlight the crucial distinction between these two types of water calamity so that water can be available physically and the water resources can be improvised and distributed to those who need it.